Automation has not replaced workers but improved productivity: Santosh Gangwar


Labour minister Santosh Gangwar said the technology automation has not replaced workers but improved productivity, brushing aside apprehensions that increasing level of automation will result in job losses in the country.

“The technology automation has not replaced workers, but improved productivity and provided workers the time to focus on other tasks involving complex decision making and social interactions,” Gangwar said in a reply in Lok Sabha on Monday.

“Rather, the adoption of new technology creates jobs, increases productivity, and increases the demand for skilled labour,” Gangwar said, adding that the Indian IT-ITES industry continues to be a net hirer and provides on the job training.


As per National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom), Indian IT/ITeS industry employs 41.38 lakhs persons as of FY 2018-19(E), adding around 1.7 lakhs employees from last year.

According to Gangwar, the stakeholders covering industry, academia and sector skills councils are working to ensure that the existing workforce is re-skilled/up-skilled in emerging technologies and job roles.

“To cater to these requirements, a ‘technology enabled re-skilling/ up-skilling framework’ for the employees of IT sector has been evolved in consultation with Nasscom, industry and academia, with government acting as an enabler/ facilitator,” he said, adding that the aim is to re-skill/up-skill a total of two million employees of IT sector over a period of five years.

MeitY has already signed an MoU with Nasscom to collaborate and strengthen cooperation in the re-skilling and up-skilling of employees in areas of new and emerging technologies.

Gangwar further said that to keep pace with technological innovations, the director general of training has also introduced new trades in the year 2018 viz. geo-informatics assistant, aeronautical structure and equipment fitter, additive manufacturing technician (3D Printing), drone pilot, electrician power distribution, technical mechatronics, solar technician (electrical), internet of things (smart agriculture, smart healthcare and smart city), soil testing & crop management and firemen etc.

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