“I think the fiscal stimulus is already there… What you need is to spend the total amount of expenditure that you have already announced and implement what has been announced so far. That is much more important than increasing the fiscal deficit target again,” Jalan told PTI in an interview.
“… if you have finished the total amounts of resources that you have already announced, then you should increase the fiscal deficit,” he added.
So far, the Centre has announced three rounds of stimulus measures.
Replying to a question on India’s current macroeconomic situation, Jalan said the COVID-19 pandemic had an adverse effect on economic activity, but now the Indian economy is on a revival mode.
“The expectation is that by 2021, this loss in jobs and the loss in growth would have been made up by the end of 2021,” the former RBI Governor noted.
And by 2021-22, if there is no recurrence of a similar COVID-19 crisis in the next few months, then the economy would certainly improve, he said.
“And the rate of growth 2021-22 may be 6-7 per cent,” he said adding that “but we will have to wait and see that the COVID-19 issue does not recur again.”
The Reserve Bank of India has projected the Indian economy to contract 9.5 per cent in the current fiscal due to COVID-19 pandemic, while the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank estimates the contraction at 10.3 per cent and 9.6 per cent, respectively.
Asserting that the government has done a very important job in announcing the policies to boost the pandemic-hit economy, Jalan said the main issue that India needs to grapple with is implementation of policies.
“The government has announced some very good policies… The main issue before the government now is to implement, and the implementation has to be done quickly,” he emphasised.
On inflation, Jalan said with a good agriculture output, he expects inflation in the next year would also be lower.