The census, conducted by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), will be held this year after a gap of five years. The ministry partnered with CSC e-Governance services India Ltd (CSC SPV) to conduct the census.
“We are starting with Tripura as it is a relatively small state where CSC is well prepared to launch,” said an official involved in the mega exercise. This would be followed by Puducherry where fieldwork would start soon.
The data will be collected through door to door survey of each household and commercial establishment under the provisions of Collection of Statistics Act 2008. The fieldwork is expected to be completed by December and the results at the national level is expected to be available by March 2020.
“The total manpower to be engaged in fieldwork is expected to be around 10 lakh,” the ministry said in a statement.
The census is the only source of information on the significantly large unorganized sector in the country.
As per the ministry, the information will be available at the lowest administrative level that is village and ward which can be used for focused policy making and local level planning to benefit the industry, especially the micro, small and medium enterprises and the citizens at large.
As per the last Economic Census conducted in 2013, there were 58.5 million establishments employing around 131 million workers.
Economic census gives insights on the economic activities being carried out across the country, their geographical distribution, the number and distribution of workers, types of ownership and sources of finance.
It covers all structures across the country, whether residential or commercial but excludes certain economic activities such as crop-production, plantation activities, illegal activities, public administration and defence, and activities of extra-territorial organisations.
“The information on these sectors are available from the agriculture census and administrative records,” the official said.
Floating population, people living in open, establishments of shelter-less and nomadic population are also outside